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By Robert Albritton

A detailing of the results of Kozo Uno's political and fiscal concept. attempts to give an explanation for the humanistic capability of Marxist concept.

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But class struggle involves The Uno/Sekine Approach and Marx 33 a political balance of forces which is conjunctural and always changing, whereas, according to Marx, the law of value implies that capital and labour are mere personifications of economic categories whose motion is one of iron necessity. Since the law of value is the inner logic of capital and class struggle is historical, the effort to integrate the law of value directly with class struggle tends to produce some form of the logical-historical method which itself tends towards economism or voluntarism.

Marx's three volumes of Capital contain in rough and incomplete form the foundations of a theory of a purely capitalist society. At the centre of this theory is the law of value which reveals the necessary socioeconomic relations that are attendant upon the capitalist expansion of value. Anyone who seriously studies Marx's Capital is bound to be impressed by the great scope and depth of its explanatory power. I am inclined to agree with Louis Althusser when he claims that Marx's Capital is the founding work of sociohistorical science on the same order as the work of Euclid for mathematical science or that of Galileo and Newton for natural science; and yet what is peculiar about Marx's Capital is how little attention has actually been devoted to improving the theory and building upon it.

What needs to be emphasized at this point in the argument is that capitalism only becomes purer through the stage of liberalism, and that already with the stage of imperialism, the law of value must increasingly rely on monopolies and the state to help it capitalistically manage heavy industry. In a final quote from Capital Marx uses the metaphor 'ideal average' to refer to the relationship between the law of value and empirical history: In our description of how production relations are converted into entities and rendered independent in relation to the agents of production, we leave aside the manner in which the interrelations, due to the world-market, its conjunctures, The Uno/Sekine Approach and Marx 29 movements of market-prices, periods of credit, industrial and commercial cycles, alternations of prosperity and crisis, appear to them as overwhelming natural laws that irresistibly enforce their will over them, and confront them as blind necessity.

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