Download A Phoenician-Punic Grammar (Handbuch Der Orientalistik) by Charles R. Krahmalkov PDF

By Charles R. Krahmalkov

This quantity contains the phonology, orthography, morphology, syntax, language and utilization of the Phoenician-Punic language. It includes examples from texts and dialects, together with fragments of a Punic drama, to carry to existence the grammatical description of this language. the outline of the literary language holds that stressful and element reference of a given type of the verb is basically a functionality of syntax, now not morphology.

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Extra info for A Phoenician-Punic Grammar (Handbuch Der Orientalistik)

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3b. Furtive a As in Hebrew, a so-called "furtive" a-vowel is heard in a closed syllable with long vowel in which the closing consonant is a laryngeal or pharyngeal: LA 1 p. 45 no. 2 l u a luah < luh (LH "tablet"). 3c. 1 ezde ("this"), a phonetic spelling of Z i n which the prothetic vowel is indicated by 'aleph\ the prothetic vowel appears as e- in the Latin-letter spellings Pu Poen. 947 e s d e and Poen. 940 e s s e of the masculine singular demonstrative pronoun. 1 SNM. As in Hebrew, the initial consonant cluster may be resolved either by means of a prothetic vowel or by the introduction of a short vowel between the two phonemes of the cluster: Phoenician 26 A I 15 'GDDMegdudlm ("bands") but Hebrew GDWD fdud.

1 u y b i n i m wibinim (WBNM "and his son"). Z Affricate of the shape [zd] or [dz], represented in Roman orthography by s d and s s in the spelling of the demonstrative pronoun Z ("this"): Punic Poen. 947A e s d e and Poen. 940P, 944A e s s e (ezde or e dze). The affricate nature of the phoneme is confirmed by the presence of the prothetic e-vowel, which serves to break up the initial consonant cluster; this prothetic vowel is also indicated in the "pho- 22 T H E A L P H A B E T , O R T H O G R A P H Y AND P H O N O L O G Y netic" spelling of the demonstrative, common in the inscriptions of Cyprus as a free variant spelling of Z* See the discussion of the Demonstrative Pronouns.

3/ 4 (from Daphnae) TNTN tinteni ("you gave"). 1 MS'T missef)t < mansit ("payment"). 1 m y n t s y f t h mintsivt < mansibt ("stele" = Phoenician M$BT missibt). 20 TQflyiqqah < yilqah ("he shall take"). 2 NLQH' nilqahu ("they were purchased"). 2b. 2 NDRM nidrim ("his vow"). , Pu Poen. 3 b i n i m ("his son"). Already in Phoenician, one finds secondary word-final -t in the preposition *LT 'alt, spelled alt in Latin-letter Punic {Poen. 946), a free variant of cL cal. Excrescent -t is common in the singular demonstrative pronouns of Neo-Punic ST (sith, syth) sit ("this," masculine) and ST (soth) sot ("this," feminine), free variants of S (sy) si and S (su) so respectively.

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