Download Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture by Dennis J. Stanford PDF

By Dennis J. Stanford

Who have been the 1st people to inhabit North the United States? in line with the now regularly occurring tale, mammal hunters entered the continent a few 12,000 years in the past through a land bridge that spanned the Bering Sea. detailed stone instruments belonging to the Clovis tradition tested the presence of those early New global humans. yet are the Clovis instruments Asian in beginning? Drawing from unique archaeological research, paleoclimatic examine, and genetic stories, famous archaeologists Dennis J. Stanford and Bruce A. Bradley problem the outdated narrative and, within the technique, counter traditional—and frequently subjective—approaches to archaeological trying out for old relatedness. The authors observe rigorous scholarship to a speculation that areas the technological antecedents of Clovis in Europe and posits that the 1st american citizens crossed the Atlantic via boat and arrived ahead of formerly inspiration. delivering archaeological and oceanographic facts to aid this statement, the publication dismantles the outdated paradigm whereas persuasively linking Clovis expertise with the tradition of the Solutrean those who occupied France and Spain greater than 20,000 years ago.

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But because both sets of distinctive weapon tips were fluted, it was thought that the same ethnic group must have made them. It seemed logical that the prehistoric hunters used the smaller Folsom points for killing bison and the larger points for spearing mammoths. 6 Blackwater Draw, now a shallow trough several miles wide, had once been a major river, but it was deprived of water from the upland drainage systems when it was truncated by the headward cutting of the Pecos River during the late Pliocene.

Dennis was invited, along with the geologist C. Vance Haynes Jr. 13 But they found neither artifacts in any of the museum collections nor archaeological sites that provided evidence of an ancestral Clovis technology. The late Paleolithic technologies found in Asia are predominately microblades made from prepared wedge-shaped cores (for more information, see chapter 1). 3). This is in sharp contrast to Clovis technology, whose weapon tips are thin, flat bifaces—stones flaked to have one continuous edge and two faces—with concave bases.

Moreover, presumptions about genetic relationships based on physical similarities of modern Native Americans and northeast Asians were still strong, and evidence of Paleolithic travelers across the Atlantic still weak. P. In this newer picture the first people to settle in the New World—or if not the first, then the earliest we have evidence of—exploited the North Atlantic from western Europe. This is the basis of the Solutrean hypothesis. THE SOLUTREAN HYPOTHESIS Who were the first Americans? The Solutrean hypothesis, in simple outline form, is that during the Last Glacial Maximum, sometime between 25,000 and 13,000 years ago, members of the Solutrean culture in the southwest coastal regions of Europe were led by subsistence behavior appropriate to their time and place to exploit the ice-edge environment of the polar front across the North Atlantic and colonize North America to become—after several millennia—what we know as the Clovis peoples, who eventually spread far and wide across the Americas.

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