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Steinbach and Moog (150) found that this enzyme is present within small cytoplasmic granules extracted from minced cells. Nevertheless, they (Steinbach and Moog) did not investigate whether streaming birefringence is exhibited by these cellular extracts. Undoubtedly the cytoplasmic fibrils are fragmented into chrom-dia and interchromidia when the cells are minced. and Moog (150) were contaminated with interchromidial substance. Nevertheless, it is probable that adenosinetriphosphatase is present in both the interchromidia and chromidia.

The life phenomena of cells and multicellular organisms are even more differentiated. Living substance is continuously broken down and reconstituted again. Protoplasm is in a state of rapid flux. , the constellation of its atoms, is perpetuated. The structure of protoplasm is in a steady state of dynamic equilibrium. This is a, well-established fact, evidenced FUNCTIONINQ OF THE CYTOPLASM 35 chiefly by the numerous investigations on cellular metabolism performed by the use of radioactive elements (for literature, see 141).

The remaining enzymes are not so strongly bound and therefore they are partially isolated when the granules are extracted from the cells. Recently some doubts have been expressed by Cla~de~(27) as to whether the presence of therespiratory enzymes within the chromidia (microsomes) has been proved. It is possible that the method used by this author prevented him from detecting these enzymes. Moreover, a great variety of hydrolyzing enzymes has been found to be present within the chromidia such as acid and alkaline phosphatases, ribonuclease, amylase, dipeptidase, trypsin, cathepsin, arginase, and adenylic acid deaminase (Brachet and Jeener, Chantrenne, Steinbach and Moog, et al.

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