Download African American Pioneers of Baseball: A Biographical by Lew Freedman PDF

By Lew Freedman

When Jackie Robinson turned the 1st African American participant in significant league baseball in 1947, elbowing apart the league's guidelines of segregation that have been inviolate for 60 years, he grew to become a logo of chance and recognition for African American gamers all over the place. Robinson withstood discrimination to set up himself as a corridor of repute participant, and to steer destiny generations of black avid gamers into the formerly all-white global of significant League Baseball. Written for college students and common readers alike, this biographical encyclopedia chronicles the heritage of African American baseball throughout the lifestyles tales of the game's maximum gamers, the legends who performed an important position within the integration of the foremost league.

From Negro League stars Satchel Paige and Josh Gibson, to paint line shatterer Jackie Robinson, and people who them within the limelight, akin to Hank Aaron and Willie Mays, readers will find out how the inclusion of African American gamers in significant League Baseball enhanced the game and race relatives within the usa in this serious interval in historical past.

Providing particular debts of every player's impressive specialist achievements, this insightful reference describes how the incredible skills of African American avid gamers increased significant League Baseball perpetually. positive aspects comprise a timeline of significant occasions, various images, and a bibliography of print and digital assets for extra reading.

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Extra resources for African American Pioneers of Baseball: A Biographical Encyclopedia

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At the time of the announcement of Johnson’s enshrinement, the issue of whether he could have been a successful boxer or not re-surfaced. Johnson said no way was that career going to materialize despite his father’s exhortations. JUDY JOHNSON 25 “Shoot, my sister could lick the pants off me,” Johnson said. He also expressed no bitterness for the time he spent locked out of the majors. “I felt I could play in the big leagues, but you just accepted the way things were in those days. ”27 On March 18 of that year, shortly after it was revealed that Johnson was entering the Hall of Fame, the Delaware State Senate approved a resolution praising him.

In his time with traveling teams, Leonard made $50 a month. It was not for many years, until 1942, that he reached the munificent sum of $1,000 a month. 6 Salaries were low, but then, so were costs. Players received 60 cents a day for meal money. A haircut was 15 cents, a shave 10 cents. 7 30 AFRICAN AMERICAN PIONEERS OF BASEBALL Leonard loved playing baseball and being part of a team—any team—but did not profess much ambition. After his sojourn with the defunct Baltimore Stars, he signed on with another independent team, the Brooklyn Royals.

The elder Johnson didn’t think there was much profit to be made as a black baseball player. “I loved baseball and always wanted to be a ballplayer,” Johnson said. “My daddy always wanted me to be a prize fighter. ”5 PLAYING CAREER Statistics reported for teams Johnson was affiliated with throughout the 1920s and 1930s were kept with varying degrees of reliability, but when Hilldale won three straight Eastern Colored League pennants between 1923 and 1925, Johnson was the club’s top hitter. 392 batting average.

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