By Hans Mommsen
Choices to Hitler: German Resistance less than the 3rd Reich КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: I B Tauris & Co LtdАвтор(ы): Hans MommsenЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2003Количество страниц: 320ISBN: 1-86064-745-6Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 1.64 mb RAPIDили IFOLDER zero
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Extra resources for Alternatives to Hitler: German Resistance under the Third Reich
Similarly there is a tendency in today’s Germany to remain silent about the role of communists in the resistance. It is unjust to dismiss communist resistance on the grounds that they were fighting for a ‘totalitarian’ system analogous to Nazism. They were fighting the Nazi evil, and sacrificing themselves for their cause, with just as much courage as other German resistance movements. We should regard the various forms and directions taken by the resistance in their totality as a mirror of existing political alternatives to National Socialism in German society.
The social isolation of the resistance, which was true of all its political factions, is another reason why its activities were largely focussed on drafting schemes for a new social and political order. At first glance it would have seemed normal to return to the Weimar constitution, which the Nazis had never formally abolished, though after the death of President Hindenburg in 1934 the last legal link with it had been lost. Nor would it have been surprising if they had pragmatically restricted themselves to the immediate measures necessary to stabilise government after the overthrow of Hitler’s regime.
However, hopes of reaching an accommodation with the Nazi regime were dashed by the intransigence of the DAF (German Labour Front). Unlike most of the conservative conspirators, their disillusionment came early, but in general they did not join the underground socialist resistance groups. With the exception of Leuschner, the resistance lacked personalities who could be considered typical representatives of the Weimar Republic. The socialist resisters were those who, in the closing stages of the republic, had taken a clear stand against the leadership of their party and had sharply criticized the Weimar party system as a whole.