Download Aquinas's Ethics: Metaphysical Foundations, Moral Theory, by Rebecca Konyndyk DeYoung PDF

By Rebecca Konyndyk DeYoung

The goal of Aquinas's Ethics is to put Thomas Aquinas's ethical concept in its complete philosophical and theological context and to take action in a fashion that makes Aquinas (1224/5-1274) comfortably available to scholars and normal readers, together with these encountering Aquinas for the 1st time. Rebecca Konyndyk DeYoung, Colleen McCluskey, and Christina Van Dyke start via explaining Aquinas's theories of the human individual and human motion, due to the fact those flooring his ethical idea. of their interpretation, Aquinas's theological commitments crucially form his account of the human individual, human capacities for motion, and human flourishing. The authors strengthen a accomplished photo of Aquinas's suggestion, that's designed to aid scholars know how his proposal of happiness and the great lifestyles are a part of a coherent, theologically-informed worldview.

Many stories of Aquinas certainly specialise in definite components of his suggestion and have a tendency to imagine a basic wisdom of the full. Aquinas's Ethicstakes the other method: it deliberately hyperlinks his metaphysics and anthropology to his motion idea and ethics to light up how the ethical idea is outfitted on foundations laid in different places. The authors emphasize the combination of innovations of advantage, common legislations, and divine grace inside of Aquinas's ethics, instead of treating such issues in isolation or competition. Their process, provided in transparent and intentionally non-specialist language, finds the coherent nature of Aquinas's account of the ethical existence and of what fulfills us as humans. the result's a wealthy and fascinating framework for additional research of Aquinas's idea and its applications.

"Aquinas’s Ethicsis an ideal advent to 1 of the main refined and influential moral structures in Western inspiration. DeYoung, McCluskey, and Van Dyke catch the bright readability of Aquinas’s ethical imaginative and prescient, delivering an illuminating viewpoint actual to either the theoretical intensity and sensible richness of Aquinas’s writings. these new to Aquinas’s principles will locate this publication eminently readable. Everyone—students and students alike—will savor its direct, exact voice and transparent philosophical intelligence." —Scott MacDonald, Norma ok. Regan Professor in Christian experiences, Cornell University

"Aquinas's Ethicsis a very good contribution to the literature on Aquinas and ethics, supplying an built-in and powerful account of the connection among a metaphysics of human nature, typical legislation conception, and advantage conception. exhibiting those inextricable connections, it's very very similar to the paintings of St. Thomas himself, and indicates why such a lot of lesser theories of ethics are unsatisfying for his or her loss of intensity and entire reach." —John Kavanaugh, S.J., Saint Louis University
“DeYoung, McCluskey, and Van Dyke have written the right creation to Aquinas’s ethics, situating it within the broader context of his puzzling over human nature and action. Although Aquinas cared extra about—and wrote extra about—ethics than approximately the other philosophical subject, it is still the main unjustly missed element of his concept. i do know of no greater advisor to that territory than this book.” —Robert Pasnau, college of Colorado at Boulder

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Additional info for Aquinas's Ethics: Metaphysical Foundations, Moral Theory, and Theological Context

Example text

The natural question is how the lower-level capacities we have just discussed ground the operation of the rational capacities, which include intellect and will. INTELLECT AND WILL Aquinas is fond of hierarchies, as we have seen; the hierarchy he describes of the soul's capacities is particularly telling for his account of human nature and its ultimate end. In short, although the vegetative and sensory capacities play an important part in human life, the rational capacities rank higher; they are what distinguish human functioning from the functioning of other animals.

In all these cases David fails fully to actualize certain human capacities, and in so doing, he falls short of fulfilling his nature as a human being. On Aquinas's schema, for these reasons, although David is still a human being, he does not count as a fully actualized, perfect member of the human species. Yet in all of these cases, the respects in which David fails to actualize his capacities seem out of his control, and so we are strongly inclined to say that David is not a bad human being simply because he cannot hear well, suffers from arachnophobia, or cannot walk on his own.

The deliberation is made possible in virtue of having an intellect, while the desiring-the willing, the inclining-is made possible in virtue ofhaving a will. Thus, action is the result of a deliberate will. We shall see that the process of executing an action is a bit more complex than this, but this description captures the basic idea. Recall that for Aquinas, the will is not some neutral power that inclines willy-nilly toward everything out there in the world. Rather, the will is an appetite for the good.

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