By Khaled Anatolios
This ebook provides the basic components of Athanasius' reaction to the important questions of the identification of Jesus and the character of his dating with God. supplying an invaluable advent on his lifestyles and paintings, the publication makes a speciality of the tumultuous doctrinal controversies of the day within which he used to be a vital determine. Key decisions from his writings, newly translated, have all been selected to be able to providing the reason for Athanasius' primary theological positions: the divinity and humanity of Christ, human redemption, the divinity and paintings of the Holy Spirit, the good judgment of Christian worship, and the scriptural foundation for the doctrinal formulations of the Council of Nicaea. scholars of historical past and classical reviews, or even scholars of non secular reviews will locate this an important a part of their direction interpreting.
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Additional resources for Athanasius (The Early Church Fathers)
97 INTRODUCTION 25 In 360, Constantius died and the government of the empire passed to his cousin, Julian. Once again, the death of an emperor changed the atmosphere of Church politics. With the death of Constantius, Athanasius’s prospects immediately brightened. 98 In 362, Julian issued an edict allowing all bishops banished by Constantius to return to their sees. Twelve days later, Athanasius appeared in Alexandria, though his stay would last only eight months. The final decade: 362–373 Anxious to consolidate the ranks of those who confessed the full divinity of the Son, Athanasius quickly convened a council to deal with a terminological controversy that had arisen in Antioch but which was reflective of terminological and conceptual divergences that were significant and pervasive.
If sin is a de-creation by which humanity reverts toward nothingness, redemption requires a “re-creation,” or a “renewal” of creation, that can be effected only by the same philanthropic creative power of the Word, a power that is not vulnerable to the inherent nothingness of all created nature. For Athanasius, it is therefore self-evident that the definitive redemption from sin can only be the work of the Creator-Word. The Incarnation is the divine act which supremely manifests the very same attributes manifested by God in the act of creation, strength and love, and displays their overcoming of the challenge presented by human sinfulness.
Constantius seemed to have rapidly concluded that this position could be the breakthrough in finding a consensus. He immediately championed this new position, maintaining that it had always been his own view, and sent Aetius and Eunomius into exile. He then called for an ecumenical council to rally around Basil of Ancyra’s proposal. Constantius’s attitude at this point shows some signs of battle-fatigue on the ecclesiastical front, expressed in a tendency to tightly control and predetermine the outcome of such a council.