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By Peggy Thomas

They're chargeable for the various deadliest illnesses, but they play a necessary position in keeping lifestyles in the world. In Bacteria and Viruses, know about the scientists who stumbled on them, how we struggle the damaging ones, and the way useful microbes can be utilized to enhance our lives.

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Max Theiler created a vaccine against yellow 43 44 Bacteria and Viruses The Vaccination Process Vaccine Skin Injecting vaccine A person is injected with a harmless form of the germ, which does not cause the disease. Harmless germ Antibodies are made Although the germ is harmless, the body still recognizes it and makes antibodies against it. Antibody locks onto germ Fighting infection If the body is invaded by the diseasecausing form of the germ, the immune system responds immediately with huge numbers of antibodies to destroy the germ.

After Pasteur’s success in the wine industry, the silk manufacturers of France consulted him about the mysterious deaths of their prized silkworms. Pasteur identified two different bacteria that caused the deadly silkworm disease. Pasteur’s work provided the world with Anthrax bacteria infect lung tissue. In a series of laboratory experiments with mice, Robert Koch was able to isolate the deadly anthrax bacterium. Early Discoveries convincing evidence that microorganisms cause disease, a concept that became known as the germ theory.

Memory cells memorize the antigen, so that in any future invasion the body can react quickly. B cells make and release chemicals called antibodies. These target new invaders, locking onto their antigens. In this way they disable the invading bacterium and mark it for destruction by other cells. smallpox called ingrafting. No one knows how it was developed, but over time, a treatment was devised where pus from the sore of a person with a mild case of smallpox was smeared into a scratch on the arm of a healthy person.

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