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By John A. Keller

John Keller offers a collection of latest essays on ontology, time, freedom, God, and philosophical process. Our knowing of those topics has been drastically complicated, because the Nineteen Seventies, via the paintings of Peter van Inwagen. during this quantity top philosophers interact together with his paintings, and van Inwagen himself bargains selective responses.

summary: John Keller offers a collection of latest essays on ontology, time, freedom, God, and philosophical strategy. Our realizing of those matters has been significantly complex, because the Nineteen Seventies, by means of the paintings of Peter van Inwagen. during this quantity prime philosophers have interaction along with his paintings, and van Inwagen himself deals selective responses

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Additional resources for Being, freedom, and method: themes from the philosophy of Peter Van Inwagen

Sample text

If, on the other hand, one is a reductive physicalist, one will hold that what are fundamental are the sorts of fully determinate universals posited by our best physics, and dualists will likely posit universals of both sorts. In short, the universals posited by a constituent theory will be limited to those fully determinate first order universals that are required to yield what its practitioners take to be the ultimate nature or character of familiar particulars. But while they have different conceptions of that character, defenders of constituent theories all tend to understand character in causal terms.

Accordingly, they insist that very few predicate terms carry ontological force—only those expressing the contents required to invest familiar particulars with the character they have. They call those contents basic or fundamental universals; they tell us that these universals are one and all fully determinate first order universals; and since they endorse the Principle of Instantiation, they limit their basic or fundamental universals to fully determinate first order universals that actually are (now or tenselessly) immanent in or constituents of some concrete particular.

1953), ‘The Elements of Being: I’, in Review of Metaphysics 7, 3–18. Wolterstorff, N. (1970), ‘Bergmann’s Constituent Ontology’, in Noûs 4, 109–34. Wolterstorff, N. (1973), On Universals (University of Chicago Press). Wolterstorff, N. (1991), ‘Divine Simplicity’, in Philosophical Perspectives 5, 531–52. 2 A One Category Ontology L. A. Paul An ontology is defined by its fundamental categories. Following Peter van Inwagen (2011), take divisions between fundamental categories to mark “real divisions between things” that determine the basic categorical structure of the world.

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