Download Beyond 'Fortress America': National Security Controls on by National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, PDF

By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Committee on Scientific Communication and National Security, Security, and Prosperity Committee on Science

The nationwide safety controls that control entry to and export of technological know-how and expertise are damaged. As at the moment dependent, lots of those controls undermine our nationwide and fatherland safeguard and stifle American engagement within the international financial system, and in technological know-how and know-how. those unintentional results come up from rules that have been crafted for an prior period. within the identify of keeping superiority, the U.S. now runs the chance of turning into much less safe, much less aggressive and not more prosperous.

Beyond "Fortress America" presents an account of the prices linked to construction partitions that abate our entry to worldwide technological know-how and know-how that hose down our monetary capability. The e-book additionally makes ideas to reform the export keep an eye on technique, ascertain clinical and technological competitiveness, and increase the non-immigrant visa process that regulates access into the U.S. of overseas technological know-how and engineering scholars, students, and professionals.

Beyond "Fortress America" includes important details and motion goods for the President and coverage makers that would impact the USA' skill to compete globally. parties--including army team of workers, engineers, scientists, pros, industrialists, and scholars--will locate this e-book a necessary device for stemming a major decline affecting wide parts of the nation's safeguard and economy.

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Extra info for Beyond 'Fortress America': National Security Controls on Science and Technology in a Globalized World

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IPE-16176, March 2004. doc. pdf. FINDINGS 23 security. S. military capability, to homeland security, and to the nation’s economic competitiveness. S. military capability. S. military capability caused by export controls has expanded and has now reached substantial proportions. S. corporations actually prevent full utilization of American technology for defense purposes. -based compaEven more than 25 years after nies that have developed valuable the international sales of the new technology choose to stay out F-16 jet fighter aircraft, only of military markets because they non-major F-16 spare parts believe (often erroneously) that if can be transferred between countries that purchased this they do not sell to the military, then fighter.

The problems discussed here regarding informal multilateral control regimes—and the Wassenaar Arrangement in particular—do not suggest that they should be abandoned, but point to their inevitable weakness when their members no longer share a strong consensus on the nature or goals of the enemy. In truth, no security-focused multilateral organizations have ever thrived, except at times of strongly shared perceptions of threat, such as during the Cold War. 36 However, the details of such a redesign are beyond the purview of this report.

S. companies. During the Cold War, list-based controls largely succeeded in preventing the export of illicit items and technology because the lists were shorter, and the criteria for export decisions could be tied directly to Soviet military needs and capabilities. However, the list-making regime became static very early in its life. Only infrequently would items be removed from the lists, regardless of competitive developments that made the technology available in open international markets. 28 This list-based system of controls constitutes a technological ­Maginot Line.

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