By Dr. Anthony C. Neville (auth.)
Mention the phrases 'arthropod cuticle' to such a lot biologists and so they frequently impress a glazed expression. reason why the cuticle is often considered as an inert substance. it's was hoping that this ebook will dispel this fallacy. The learn of cuticle in its right context now includes some of the wider points of biology that are presently fashionable (e. g. how a hormone like ecdyson induces a selected enzyme like dopa decarboxylase; the unsolved serious problem of mobile gradient and polarity; the involvement of cyclic AMP in hormonal mechanisms; the additional mobile keep watch over of cuticular enzymes, of the mechanical right ties of cuticle structural proteins, and of the orientation of fibrous molecules; and the relation of chromosome puffing to the synthesis of particular proteins). stories on cuticle call for numerous strategies, and examples of the next are illustrated during this e-book (fluorescence, part distinction, polariza tion and Nomarski interference microscopy; infrared absorp tion; transmission and scanning electron microscopy; autora diography analyzed through electron microscopy; detrimental staining within the electron microscope; optical diffraction, excessive attitude X-ray diffraction, low attitude X -ray diffraction and chosen region electron diffraction). i'm good conscious that the biophysical elements of this booklet are much less incomplete than different elements. A developmental biologist or a biochemist may have extra elaborated different elements ofthe subject material. just one past writer, RICHARDS (1951)hasdevoted a ebook to arthropod cuticle.
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Extra resources for Biology of the Arthropod Cuticle
The filaments must therefore have become chemically stabilized and cannot be thought of as wax canals, although one still cannot eliminate the possibility that they play some role in wax transport. FILSHIE therefore calls them epicuticular filaments. Lucilia still has epicuticular filaments, despite its lacking a surface wax layer. As an alternative function FILS HIE suggests that the epicuticular filaments may provide some stability prior to the secretion of the inner epicuticle. It has since been suggested that the filaments arise as protein liquid crystals, later becoming quinone-tanned (LOCKE and KRISHNAN, 1971), forming a tube for lipid transport.
In some cases the canals become infilled with what appears to be chitin microfibrils running along the canal and set in a protein matrix (i. e. the cell membrane in a pore canal region is competent to secrete chitin microfibrils which are oriented perpendicularly to all the other microfibrils secreted by the rest of the cell-see Fig. 2 for Julus and Fig. 6 for Astacus). Pore canals are formed by the fusion of several wax canals (LOCKE, 1961) together, so that they come to contain a pore canal filament which appears to result from the fusion of several wax filaments.
32. Electron micrograph of a suture between two epicuticular surfaces in the meropodite tendon of a crab (Carcinus moenas). Decalcified in EGTA. (From NEVILLE, 1970) 46 Figs. 32. Legends see opposite page 47 , 2·33 ... l)J Fig. 33. Electron micrograph of mandibular tendon from a lobster, Homarus vulgaris, showing the complicated suture between the two epicuticular surfaces 48 The outline of epidermal cells is reflected in polygonal patterns on the surface of the epicuticle (Fig. 1 B and HINTON, 1970c), and in Crustacea as "prisms" running through the cuticle (refs.