By W. Seth Carus, Center for Counterproliferation Research, National Defense University
The operating paper is split into major components. the 1st half is a descriptive research of the illicit use of organic brokers through criminals and terrorists. It attracts on a sequence of case experiences documented within the moment half. The case experiences describe each example identifiable in open resource fabrics within which a culprit used, bought, or threatened to take advantage of a organic agent. whereas the stock of situations is obviously incomplete, it presents an empirical foundation for addressing a few very important questions in relation to either biocrimes and bioterrorism. This fabric may still allow policymakers concerned about bioterrorism to make extra knowledgeable judgements. during this undertaking, the writer has researched over 270 alleged circumstances regarding organic brokers. This contains all incidents present in open assets that allegedly happened throughout the twentieth Century. whereas the record is definitely no longer entire, it presents the main complete latest unclassified assurance of situations of illicit use of organic brokers.
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Additional info for Bioterrorism and Biocrimes - The illicit use of biological agents since 1900
Anthrax as a Potential Biological Warfare Agent,” pp. 429-434. A retired Army biological warfare expert has calculated that as many as 3 million people would have been affected if F. tularemia had been used instead. See Patrick, “Potential Incident Scenarios,” p. I-60, in Proceedings of the Seminar on Responding to the Consequences of Chemical ad Biological Terrorism. 24 Chapter 3: The Practitioners In this chapter, the characteristics of perpetrators who employed, acquired, or considered use of biological agents are examined.
Researching the cases Five main sources of information were used to describe the cases. First, the bulk of the information came from press reports. Most of the incidents received little coverage in major newspapers, such as the New 87 The primary source was Ron Purver, Chemical and Biological Terrorism: The Threat According to the Open Literature, Canadian Security Intelligence Service, June 1995, supplemented by Joseph D. , and Neil C. C. Heath and Company, 1987), pp. 183-187. Not all cases mentioned by these sources are included in this review.
Specifically, the objective was to study incidents involving terrorists. Preliminary research indicated that there were few instances in which terrorist groups used, acquired, or even considered using biological agents. In fact, the author has been able to identify only 30 cases in which a terrorist group is thought to have been involved with biological agents. In almost all of those cases, the perpetrators never actually possessed or used a biological agent. This apparent lack of interest in biological agents is significant, and will be discussed further.