By Gwyneth Mellinger
Social swap brought on through the Civil Rights stream within the Sixties despatched the yankee Society of Newspaper Editors (ASNE) on a fifty-year challenge to dismantle an exclusionary expert typical that estimated the perfect journalist as white, instantly, and male. during this publication, Gwyneth Mellinger explores the complicated heritage of the decades-long ASNE range initiative, which culminated within the failed objective 2000 attempt to check newsroom demographics with these of the U.S. population.
Drawing upon exhaustive studies of ASNE archival fabrics, Mellinger examines the democratic paradox during the lens of the ASNE, an elite association that arguably did greater than the other in the course of the 20th century to institutionalize expert criteria in journalism and extend the thoughts of presidency responsibility and the unfastened press. The ASNE could emerge within the Nineteen Seventies because the chief within the newsroom integration circulate, yet its attempt will be pissed off via constructions of exclusion the association had embedded into its personal specialist criteria. Explaining why a venture so promising failed so profoundly, Chasing Newsroom range expands our knowing of the intransigence of institutional racism, gender discrimination, and homophobia inside of democracy.
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Extra info for Chasing Newsroom Diversity: From Jim Crow to Affirmative Action (The History of Communication)
48 Significantly, during the 1950s Southern editors achieved a stature within ASNE that they had not held before. This occurred with the consent of a majority of ASNE members, as they elected five presidents from Southern and border states during the decade. In addition to Dabney and Healy, these presidents were Wright Bryan of the Atlanta Journal (1952–53); James Pope of the Louisville Courier-Journal and Times (1954–55); and Jenkin Lloyd Jones of the Tulsa Tribune (1956–57). Because presidents appointed the chairmen who controlled such important committees as those overseeing membership, board nominations, the Bulletin, and convention programs, many key positions within the ASNE also were held by Southern editors, some of whom had strident views about race.
Policing the Boundaries in a New Era of Race Prior to the 1950s, whiteness had been a taken-for-granted and usually unnoticed feature of the ASNE. Without specifically mentioning race in its official conversations about membership, the ASNE nonetheless had established itself as an organization for whites at the top of their profession. Through the exclusiveness of its membership structure, which limited participation to directing editors of daily newspapers deemed worthy of ASNE affiliation, the ASNE inadvertently ensured that nonwhite editors, almost all of whom worked for weekly newspapers, would remain ineligible for regular membership for years to come.
The application of Louis Martin, who had been editor-in-chief of the Chicago Defender since 1947, was rejected, the only one of twelve from editors of papers with circulations below 20,000 to be denied by the board that year, and the minutes of the meeting explain the board’s reasoning: “Discussion of Mr. ”35 The board’s rejection of Martin’s application was significant, as it exceeded the recommendation of the Membership Committee. In correspondence prior to the board vote, Wallace Lemoe of the Milwaukee Journal, the membership chair, indicated that Martin, “our first negro applicant,” had been sponsored by James Wechsler of the New York Post and Irving Dillard of the St.