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By Alan Lawrance

China lower than Communism examines how Marxism took root, flourished and constructed in the context of an historic chinese language civilization. via research of China's heritage and standard tradition, the writer explores the character of chinese language communism and the way it has diverged from the Soviet version. This booklet additionally offers perception into the altering perceptions Westerners have of the chinese language, and vice versa. Key gains contain: * evaluate of debatable concerns: the good step forward, the Cultural Revolution and Mao's list* insurance of gender and kinfolk, ethnicity, nationalism, and pop culture* lengthy old context. This well timed overview info how China's political and financial regulations were inextricably associated, and assesses previous mess ups and successes, in addition to significant difficulties for the longer term.

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Sample text

They boasted ‘we have the cooperative members by their pigtails, and from now on we’ll be able to do things well’. 14 Mao seems to have been genuinely self-effacing at the time of the Congress, perhaps in reaction to the problems of the ‘little great leap’ in agriculture, perhaps on reflecting on the moral of Stalin’s ‘personality cult’; he seems to have considered the advantages of devolving some of his power and influence. However, this phase in his thinking did not persist for very long. THE ‘HUNDRED FLOWERS’ BLOOM When Mao addressed the Central Committee in November he spoke of the need to win the support of the masses (and the cadres) who were liable to be overwhelmed by the experts.

1 The state (simplified) convicted criminals and enemies of the state). At the local level representatives were elected to the provincial level from which representatives were elected to the National People’s Congress. There they were joined by representatives from the national minorities and from the armed forces. The delegates of the NPC were to meet for two weeks every year. When they were not in session, power was exercised by the permanent Standing Committee, which, in theory, supervised the executive 30 The politics of the People’s Republic, 1953–7 government, appointed judges to the Supreme People’s Court and prepared and conducted elections.

1 million. 13 million. With the Marriage Law, 30 April 1950, the new regime set out to remove women from their traditional inferior position. The new law prohibited polygamy, concubinage and child marriage. Wives were allowed to start divorce proceedings and young people were supported if they rejected an arranged marriage. Women were allowed to inherit property. 11 Not only did the state publicly campaign for a new freedom for women, it initiated changes which directly or indirectly changed the traditional 16 Communist victory and consolidation, 1949–53 family life.

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