By Emilie Stoltzfus
In the course of global conflict II, American ladies entered the staff in extraordinary numbers, and plenty of of them depended on federally funded baby care courses. on the finish of the struggle, operating moms vigorously protested the termination of kid care subsidies. In Citizen, mom, employee, Emilie Stoltzfus lines grassroots activism and nationwide and native coverage debates pertaining to public investment of kid's day care within the twenty years after the top of worldwide battle II. utilizing occasions in Cleveland, Ohio; Washington, D.C.; and the nation of California, Stoltzfus identifies a triumphing trust between postwar policymakers that ladies may most sensible serve the country as homemakers. even if federal investment was once in brief prolonged after the tip of the warfare, grassroots campaigns for backed day care in Cleveland and Washington met with merely restricted good fortune. In California, even if, moms asserted their significance to the state's financial system as "productive voters" and gained an enduring, state-funded baby care software. additionally, by way of the Sixties, federal baby care investment won new existence in its place to funds relief for terrible unmarried moms. those debates concerning the public's stake in what many seen as a personal topic aid light up America's altering social, political, and financial priorities, in addition to the that means of woman citizenship within the postwar interval.
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Extra info for Citizen, Mother, Worker: Debating Public Responsibility for Child Care after the Second World War (Gender and American Culture)
Although mothers’ pensions as they were put into practice had easily recognizable ﬂaws, their legislative success at the state level and the federal blessing given to them in the New Deal helped to seal the private location of day nurseries and conﬁrmed for many their inferiority. As if to add an exclamation point, when the federal government during the Great Depression inaugurated its ﬁrst program for children of preschool age, it turned for a model not to the day nursery but to the much newer nursery school.
This, she stated, would place childless women and mothers on the same footing and reduce tension between the sexes. She implicitly asked government to expand the economy to allow jobs for everyone. Waller believed that shoring up women’s duties in and to the home would be essential for national survival and personal happiness; Stone believed that supporting women’s efforts to leave the home would contribute to a rising economy and better families. The future wasn’t as neat as either writer imagined.
In either case an independent decision to seek child care services was not the key to obtaining publicly subsidized child care services. Instead access lay with social work professionals 14 introduction who identiﬁed a speciﬁc rehabilitation or child protection need within a family. Finally, the book’s epilogue brieﬂy looks at the amount and kinds of federal public child care funds available today. Most programs that provide child care funds today are conﬂated with “welfare reform,” and publicly subsidized child care is primarily understood as a cure for welfare dependency.