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An authoritative consultant and the 1st entire glossy textual content in this topic in English; offered the acclaimed Karl Kraus Medal through ISPRS
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Extra resources for Close Range Photogrammetry: Principles, Techniques and Applications
Initially glass plates were used in metric cameras in order to provide a flat image surface without significant mechanical effort (see example in Fig. 28). From the 1950s film was increasingly used in metric cameras which were then equipped with a mechanical film-flattening device. 27 Zeiss Terragraph stereoplotter is sometimes referred to as the ‘normal case’ of photogrammetry. 28 Zeiss TMK 6 metric camera In the 1950s we were on the verge of the period of analytical photogrammetry. The expanding use of digital, electronic computers in that decade engendered widespread interest in the purely analytical or numerical approach to photogrammetry as against the prevailing analogue methods.
Both systems can be arbitrarily rotated, shifted and scaled with respect to each other. It is important to note that the rectangularity of the coordinate axes is preserved. This transformation is therefore a special case of the general affine transformation which requires 3 scaling factors and 3 additional shearing parameters for each coordinate axis—a total of 12 parameters. Mathematical fundamentals The spatial similarity transformation, also known as a 3D Helmert transformation, is defined by 7 parameters: 3 translations to the origin of the xyz system (vector X0 defined by X0, Y0, Z0), 3 rotation angles ω, ϕ, κ about the axes XYZ (implied by orthogonal rotation matrix R) and one scaling factor m.
Thompson, 1910–1976. Photogrammetric Society, London, 1977. Thompson, E. H. (1965) The Deville Memorial Lecture. The Canadian Surveyor, 19(3) 262–272. Reprinted in Photogrammetry and surveying, a selection of papers by E. H. Thompson, 1910–1976. Photogrammetric Society, London, 1977. Thompson, E. H. (1974) The Vivian Thompson Stereo-Planigraph. Photogrammetric Record, 8(43) 81–86. Thompson, V. F. (1908) Stereo-photo-surveying. The Geographical Journal, 31: p. 534. Torlegård, K. (1967) On the determination of interior orientation of close-up cameras under operational conditions using three-dimensional test objects.