Download Companion to Clinical Neurology, 2nd edition by William Pryse-Phillips PDF

By William Pryse-Phillips

This ebook is designed for the neurologist who (in this present day of strangely strict responsibility) must have to hand an authoritative consultant to the diagnostic standards for the entire stipulations she or he may perhaps meet inside scientific perform. whereas initially conceived as a compendium of diagnostic standards, the writer felt the necessity to extend the paintings to incorporate definitions of virtually the entire phrases which are utilized in neurology at the present time. a few parts of heritage also are supplied. the outcome successfully represents the instruments of the exchange for the neurologist in education and a resource of knowledge for the training neurologist that's either specified and concise. the 1st variation was once released in 1995. given that then, advances within the definition of many neurological stipulations were made, all of that have been integrated within the moment version. those comprise standards for the analysis of a number of sclerosis, dementia of Lewy-body kind, frontal lobe dementias, power fatigue syndrome, and inflammatory neuropathies. There has additionally been fine-tuning of the definitions and diagnostic standards for plenty of different stipulations. within the moment version additional precision in definition has been completed for the entries on no less than 1,500 different ailment states, syndromes, and scientific positive factors. The scientific delineation for brand spanking new syndromes and their genetic bases and of medical subtypes of identified problems has additionally stepped forward. Entries on cerebellar ailments, peripheral neuropathies, a number of dementias, diagnostic exams (both medical and laboratory), sorts of cerebral edema, dissociative indicators and syndromes - these kind of and lots of extra were additional, extended, up to date or clarified within the mild of latest guides. various web-site addresses even have been incorporated within the re-creation, as have images of seventy seven exclusive neurologists. the second one variation is still a useful advisor through a unmarried writer to the entire menu of neurological perform.

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This term was first used by Pick in 1913. agranular cortex The motor strip, containing pyramidal rather than granular cells. agraphesthesia Lack of the ability to perceive figures drawn on the skin, as with lesions of the contralateral parietal lobe, subcortical structures, spinal cord, and the peripheral nerves. This is a sensitive and consistent indicator of defective perception of cutaneous sensory space but it is not of value in localizing the cause of sensory disturbance to the parietal lobe.

Adrenocorticotrophic hormone A peptide secreted by the hypothalamus, affecting functions within the CNS to do with task discrimination, approachavoidance behavior, and memory. adrenoleukodystrophy (Siemerling-Creutzfeldt disease, sudanophilic leukodystrophy, melanodermic leukodystrophy, adrenoleukomyeloneuropathy, adrenomyelodystrophy; OMIM 300100) A group of progressive, X-linked recessive, peroxisomal degenerative disorders of myelin (leukodystrophies), the responsible gene mapping to Xq28. They are characterized by a deficiency of lignoceroyl coenzyme A synthetase.

Adiposis dolorosa See Dercum disease. adiposogenital syndrome Arrest or delay in sexual development, with obesity, and due to destruction of the tuberal nuclei of the hypothalamus. The cause of most cases is not determined, but a craniopharyngioma is present in some cases. adipsia A decreased sensation of thirst, usually due to damage to the osmoreceptors of the anterior hypothalamus, such that in the presence of a high plasma osmolality. There is an inappropriate lack of thirst and water losses are not replenished by drinking.

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