By Lawrence S. Wittner
Confronting the Bomb tells the dramatic, inspiring tale of the way citizen activism helped diminish the nuclear palms race and stop nuclear conflict. This abbreviated model of Lawrence Wittner's award-winning trilogy, The fight opposed to the Bomb, indicates how a world, grassroots campaign—the biggest social move of recent times—challenged the nuclear priorities of the nice powers and, finally, thwarted their nuclear targets. in line with big learn within the documents of peace and disarmament corporations and in previously most sensible mystery govt documents, huge interviews with antinuclear activists and executive officers, and memoirs and different released fabrics, Confronting the Bomb opens a different window on essentially the most very important problems with the fashionable period: survival within the nuclear age. It covers the full interval of vital competition to the bomb, from the ultimate levels of the second one global struggle as much as the current. alongside the way in which, it offers attention-grabbing glimpses of the interplay of key nuclear disarmament activists and policymakers, together with Albert Einstein, Harry Truman, Albert Schweitzer, Norman Cousins, Nikita Khrushchev, Bertrand Russell, Andrei Sakharov, Linus Pauling, Dwight Eisenhower, Harold Macmillan, John F. Kennedy, Randy Forsberg, Mikhail Gorbachev, Helen Caldicott, E.P. Thompson, and Ronald Reagan. total, in spite of the fact that, it's a tale of well known mobilization and its effectiveness.
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Extra info for Confronting the Bomb: A Short History of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement (Stanford Nuclear Age Series)
32 Government Response, 1945–1953 Despite the stand of the AEC majority and of the General Advisory Committee, the outcome was heavily weighted toward building the new weapon. ” On January 31, 1950, in the penultimate meeting on the issue, the President conferred with three top officials from the National Security Council, who presented him with differing views. ” The entire meeting lasted seven minutes. Thereafter, the administration rebuffed calls for disarmament initiatives, secured the resignation of key opponents of the H-bomb from the General Advisory Committee, and developed immense nuclear construction projects.
The pacifist group also distributed an article by Hutchins (“The Secret of the Atomic Bomb Does Not Exist”) and an antinuclear pamphlet by a Norwegian physicist, Leiv Kreyberg. Responding to pressure from pacifists, the Norwegian state radio station aired a broadcast, on August 6, 1949, on peace events in Hiroshima. It included a talk by a physicist at Trondheim Technical College who warned of the horrors of nuclear war. By 1950–51, antinuclear sentiment was rife in Norway. In the Netherlands, too, nuclear resistance gradually took shape.
There would have to be “a world law with a world judiciary to interpret it, with a world police to enforce it,” and with “a world assembly” to enact it.