Download Deterrence--From Cold War to Long War: Lessons from Six by Austin Long PDF

By Austin Long

Considering the fact that its inception six many years in the past, the RAND company has been one of many key institutional houses for the examine of deterrence. This publication examines a lot of this study for classes proper to the present and destiny strategic setting. it's for this reason half highbrow historical past and half coverage suggestion, meant to inspire debate and dialogue on how deterrence can most sensible be included into U.S. approach.

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Rowen left RAND to become deputy to Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs Paul Nitze. A redacted version of their plan (calling for lowaltitude penetration of the Soviet Union by a force of about 55 bombers) is available (Kaysen, 1961). 15 The Soviet strategic submarine fleet was small and of low quality in this period, while the United States sound surveillance system (SOSUS) had become operational in this period. See Press (2005, Chapter 3, Appendix A) and Coté (2003, Chapters 3 and 4).

S. Air Force aircraft. 10 9 10 For more discussion, see Andrew May (1998, pp. 340–343). Herken (1987, pp. 81–83). Interviews with Andrew Marshall have provided additional insight into this period. Deflecting the Sword of Damocles: Strategic Defense and Deterrence 29 After a few years, others at RAND took up the idea of counterforce. James Digby headed a RAND study on counterforce beginning in 1954 (Digby, 1955). At the same time, an Air Force headquarters New Approaches Group was also examining the issue.

43) Perhaps fortunately, the exodus of many at RAND to the Kennedy administration only a few months later acted to finally ameliorate the problem of RAND access to intelligence. This access led to a quick embrace by some of counterforce. In response to the tumultuous Vienna summit of 1961 and subsequent crisis over Berlin, two former RAND analysts began to sketch a counterforce first strike plan. 15 Further, it did so in a way that would minimize Soviet civilian deaths—though Kaysen conceded that the number of dead would be in the hundreds of thousands (Kaysen, 1961, Annex A, p.

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