By Brian C. Etheridge
On the shut of worldwide struggle II, the U.S. went from being allied with the Soviet Union opposed to Germany to alignment with the Germans opposed to the Soviet Union―almost in a single day. whereas many american citizens got here to understand the German humans as democrats status company with their Western allies at the entrance traces of the chilly struggle, others have been cautious of a renewed 3rd Reich and seen all Germans as nascent Nazis bent on international domination. those hostile views further measurably to the ambience of worry and mistrust that outlined the chilly War.
In Enemies to Allies, Brian C. Etheridge examines a couple of hundred years of yankee interpretations and representations of Germany. With a specific specialize in the postwar interval, he demonstrates how a wide range of actors―including designated curiosity teams and US and West German policymakers―employed robust narratives to persuade public opinion and accomplish their overseas coverage goals. Etheridge additionally analyses bestselling books, well known tv exhibits equivalent to Hogan's Heroes, and award-winning video clips reminiscent of Schindler's List to bare how narratives in regards to the 3rd Reich and chilly conflict Germany have been synthetic, contested, and co-opted as rival viewpoints competed for legitimacy.
From the Holocaust to the Berlin Wall, Etheridge explores the contingent nature of a few of the main effective ethical symbols and photographs of the second one half the 20 th century. This groundbreaking learn attracts from theories of public reminiscence and public international relations to illustrate how conflicting US debts of German heritage function a window for realizing not just American identification, yet diplomacy and country energy.
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Additional resources for Enemies to Allies: Cold War Germany and American Memory
One of the first things Goebbels did in the United States was hire an American public relations firm. The German government also disseminated information through more direct means, such as the German Library of Information and the German Railroads Information Office. 48 The German American Bund was one of the Nazis’ most important indigenous groups but was, by all accounts, a disaster. Its final leader, Fritz Kuhn, was also its most ambitious and, from the perspective of the Nazis, the most damaging.
Germans opposed the expansion of slavery. 19 But German Americans did not fare much better in the North. For years, the temperance movement had targeted German culture as a threat. 28 Enemies to Allies With the spike in immigration in the 1850s, which included a large number of Catholics from Ireland and Germany, xenophobic Americans became politically active, eventually establishing the American (or KnowNothing) Party. After its meteoric rise, the party rapidly dissolved—but the sentiments that fueled it remained.
16 These attitudes about Germans crystallized around two significant events of the nineteenth century, both of which challenged the nature of American democracy itself. The first was the European revolutions of 1848, which put a German face on the American ambivalence toward revolution. Since their country’s inception, Americans had largely looked with favor on revolutionary movements abroad, seeing them as being inspired by their own struggle for liberty. Because of this tradition, Americans initially responded favorably to the European revolutions of 1848.