Download Modernizing NATO’s Nuclear Weapons: ‘No Decisions Have Been by Oliver Ramsbotham PDF

By Oliver Ramsbotham

An exam of the present nation of nuclear forces which explores the reliable defence guidelines of all sixteen NATO international locations, the reason at the back of modernization plans and the competition to those plans. the writer establishes rules to lead carrying on with controversy during this sector.

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Finally, it was explicitly laid down that the new Alliance was to be defensive in nature - it would never initiate hostilities. In fact, the primary aim was not even successful defence in the traditional sense of physically repulsing an enemy incursion. It was successful deterrence - that is to say, the prior psychological manipulation of 22 The Weapons: Should they be Modernized? enemy perceptions to the point where expected damage was clearly seen to outweigh any possible gain if the deterrent threat was ignored.

6. , US Government Printing Office, p. 239. 7. 'Nuclear Deterrence Post INF', Ministry of Defence Paper presented to the House of Commons All Party Foreign Affairs Select Committee, January 1988. 8. 'It would be delightful if those, particularly in Western Europe, who have been most vigorous in their criticism of NATO's dependency on nuclear weapons, would also be the foremost proponents of a major build-up of non-nuclear forces. That is the obvious logical conclusion. Do we discern that? Regrettably, no.

This makes up the second 'zero'. (iii) Short-Range Nuclear Forces (SNF)- Below 500 kilometers. These are the Battlefield Nuclear Weapons. 14 The Weapons: Should they be Modernized? (a) Short-Range Ballistic Missiles Remaining Soviet tactical missiles below the INF range are the SS-1 (SCUD/B) Missiles (range 300 kilometers), the Free Rocket Over Ground (FROG-7) Missiles (range 70 kilometers), and the newer SS-21 replacements for the FROG-7 (range 120 kilometers). NATO apologists often compare the 88 operationally deployed American Lance Missile launchers with over 1000 SCUD, FROG and SS-21 Missile Launchers deployed West of the Urals, many of them forward based on the territory of Warsaw Pact Allies.

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