By Gary Macy
A examine of the Salvific functionality of the Sacrament in keeping with Theologians c.1080-c.1220.
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Extra info for The Theologies of the Eucharist in the Early Scholastic Period: A Study of the Salvific Function of the Sacrament according to the Theologians c.1080-c.1220
In order that we might be His members, unity bonds us together. 10 For Augustine, to share in the ritual of Eucharist entailed and symbolized the community's life of faith and charity. Whatever incompatibilities may have existed in these differ ent emphases by the Fathers in their discussions of the Euchar ist seem to have gone unnoticed during their lifetimes. The theological efforts of the era were directed, for the most part, toward the great Christological and soteriological controversies. Questions concerning the celebration and explanation of the Lord's Supper were discussed in catechetical settings or as they contributed to the larger controversies.
The bread and wine which are placed on the altar . . are changed substantially into the true and proper vivifying body and blood of Jesus Christ our Lord and after the consecration there are the true body of Christ which was born of the virgin . . 88 The oath demonstrated the technical expertise which had developed throughout the controversy. Here the technical terms of Aristotelian philosophy were introduced to describe the mode of presence which the Lord undertook in the sacra ment. The sophistication which later theologians would develop as they rediscovered the use of Aristotelian concepts such as substantia, would continue to evolve new and more nuanced understandings of a sacramental terminology which would remain remarkably unchanged.
Only two works on the Eucharist of any completeness exist from this, the period in which such works first appear, and it is significant that they espouse quite different approaches. That they do so appears to reflect the diversity already noted in the works of Amalarius, Erigena, Rabanus Maurus, Hincmar, Gottschalk, and Adrevald. The major difference between the works of Paschasius and Ratramnus can be demonstrated by comparing their different understandings of the salvific function of the Eucharist.