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Nuclear Deterrence--New Risks, New Opportunities

August 13, 2014 admin 0

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The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, thrust the United States into World War II, and thus helped reshape modern warfare. ... In the last two decades, the balance between deterrent strategy and war-fighting strategy has tilted towards the latter. The other site was at RAF Faldingworth in Lincolnshire, which is also partially detailed on this site. Learn about the different types of nuclear weapons.: Fission (A-Bombs) are the most basic nuclear weapon and are incorporated into the other weapon classes.
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Promise Me War: A Preview of a Brighter Tomorrow

August 13, 2014 admin 0

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As the plane approached Thule AFB in Greenland to attempt an emergency landing, it crashed about 7 miles (11 km) southwest of the runway while carrying four nuclear bombs. Army, rather than Nobel Prize–winning scientists. China’s first nuclear test in 1964 used an HEU implosion device because the country had not yet developed the means to produce plutonium. As soon as the Soviet Union was capable of making nuclear strikes at American cities, West Euro�peans began to worry that America's nuclear umbrella no longer ensured that her allies would stay dry if it rained.
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Deterrence and the Revolution in Soviet Military Doctrine

August 13, 2014 admin 0

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One indication comes from the claim made in the new nuclear doctrine and by government officials during the past couple of years that a major break has occurred in nuclear planning. The intensity of the effects depends on the yield of the weapon and the distance from the blast (For more information, see the Federation of American Scientists, "Nuclear Weapon Effects," http://www.fas.org/nuke/intro/nuke/effects.htm .) What is a dirty bomb?
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The Effects of Nuclear War

August 13, 2014 admin 0

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S. tests conducted in the 1950s and early 1960s. An analyst monitors from a computer screen in the control room of the international nuclear test monitoring agency CTBTO, in Vienna, February 12, 2013. One may wonder, however, whether the quality of relations changes within alliances as some of their members become nuclear powers. Fires cover about 700,000 sq. km (270,000 sq. mi.) in the United States, 250,000 sq. km (100,000 sq. mi.) in the U.
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Israel vs. Iran: The Shadow War

August 13, 2014 admin 0

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In 1990, a NATO report detailed how high-flying aircraft can modify the atmosphere by spraying polymers to absorb electromagnetic radiation.44 U. The induction of nuclear winter would follow such an exchange, be that accidental or intentional, in which the living will envy the dead. The RAND Corporation emerged as the site most suited for this type of work, and a network of analysts gravitated there. Try not to eat meat that is close to the bone, for bone marrow retains radiation.
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The Worst-Kept Secret: Israel's Bargain with the Bomb

August 12, 2014 admin 0

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Trends evident today suggest that by 2020 many countries in the world will have access to several important technologies. These fires would produce immense amounts of particulate matter which would remain in the lower atmosphere for weeks even after the fires ceased. View southwest of the Lawrence Hall of Science and its grand plaza. However, nothing comes for free, and one must recognize that such simple weapons have important, perhaps fatal, tactical limitations that would preclude their use in some engagement scenarios.
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Reductions Without Regret: Avoiding Box Canyons, Roach

August 12, 2014 admin 0

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Unfortunately this hasn't ended war altogether, but wars of the most devastating type seen in the 20th century haven't been seen since. At Hiroshima, it has been estimated, as Glasstone states, that: "solid materials on the ground immediately below the burst probably attained surface temperatures of 3,000 to 4,000°C (5,400 to 7,200°F)." Bush explained that they didn’t really know, that they were trying to find ways to slow down any German work, and that they were still worried about being behind the Germans. (They would eventually come to understand they had surpassed them.) Then there is this really interesting passage which is worth quoting from the original: He [FDR] then himself discussed what the enemy attitude of mind would be if they felt they had this coming along, and were inclined to remain on the defensive until it could eventuate.
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Atomic energy policy in France under the Fourth Republic

August 12, 2014 admin 0

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US Secretary of State Dean Acheson wanted censorship authorities notified about this kind of "sensationalised reporting," so it could be stopped. (3) One of the first orders to burn towns and villages that I found in the archives was in the far southeast of Korea, during heavy fighting along the Pusan Perimeter in August 1950, when US soldiers were bedevilled by thousands of guerrillas in rear areas. General Curtis LeMay remembered correctly that the JCS had earlier concluded that atomic weapons would probably not be useful in Korea, except as part of "an overall atomic campaign against Red China."
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The Cuban Missile Crisis: A Concise History

August 12, 2014 admin 0

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S. effort and offer important lessons for the United States and for other countries that have or seek to have nuclear weapons. In operations like Chrome Dome, SAC kept nuclear-armed planes in the air 24 hours a day, ready for an order to attack Moscow. If based on uranium weapons designs, a much smaller plutonium infrastructure would be required. By identifying unique attributes of the fissile material, including its impurities and contaminants, one could trace the path back to its origin." [26] The process is analogous to identifying a criminal by fingerprints. "The goal would be twofold: first, to deter leaders of nuclear states from selling weapons to terrorists by holding them accountable for any use of their own weapons; second, to give leader every incentive to tightly secure their nuclear weapons and materials." [26] The International Atomic Energy Agency was created in 1957 to encourage peaceful development of nuclear technology while providing international safeguards against nuclear proliferation.
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U.S. Nuclear Weapons Policy: Independent Task Force Report

August 12, 2014 admin 0

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While some units are well equipped and well trained, much of the Russia’s conventional forces are composed of poorly trained conscripts using antiquated hardware from the Soviet-era. S. accepted Israel's assertions at face value publicly, but exerted pressure privately. The leaders of the two countries with the largest arsenals of nuclear weapons discussed the abolition of their most powerful weapons. * * * What should be done? The design would probably be an implosion system.
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